Angelic Patches for Improving Third-Party Object Detector Performance

Wenwen Si · Shuo Li · Sangdon Park · Insup Lee · Osbert Bastani

West Building Exhibit Halls ABC 386


Deep learning models have shown extreme vulnerability to simple perturbations and spatial transformations. In this work, we explore whether we can adopt the characteristics of adversarial attack methods to help improve perturbation robustness for object detection. We study a class of realistic object detection settings wherein the target objects have control over their appearance. To this end, we propose a reversed Fast Gradient Sign Method (FGSM) to obtain these angelic patches}that significantly increase the detection probability, even without pre-knowledge of the perturbations. In detail, we apply the patch to each object instance simultaneously, strengthen not only classification but also bounding box accuracy. Experiments demonstrate the efficacy of the partial-covering patch in solving the complex bounding box problem. More importantly, the performance is also transferable to different detection models even under severe affine transformations and deformable shapes. To our knowledge, we are the first (object detection) patch that achieves both cross-model and multiple-patch efficacy. We observed average accuracy improvements of 30% in the real-world experiments, which brings large social value. Our code is available at:

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