Rethinking Image Super Resolution From Long-Tailed Distribution Learning Perspective

Yuanbiao Gou · Peng Hu · Jiancheng Lv · Hongyuan Zhu · Xi Peng

West Building Exhibit Halls ABC 189


Existing studies have empirically observed that the resolution of the low-frequency region is easier to enhance than that of the high-frequency one. Although plentiful works have been devoted to alleviating this problem, little understanding is given to explain it. In this paper, we try to give a feasible answer from a machine learning perspective, i.e., the twin fitting problem caused by the long-tailed pixel distribution in natural images. With this explanation, we reformulate image super resolution (SR) as a long-tailed distribution learning problem and solve it by bridging the gaps of the problem between in low- and high-level vision tasks. As a result, we design a long-tailed distribution learning solution, that rebalances the gradients from the pixels in the low- and high-frequency region, by introducing a static and a learnable structure prior. The learned SR model achieves better balance on the fitting of the low- and high-frequency region so that the overall performance is improved. In the experiments, we evaluate the solution on four CNN- and one Transformer-based SR models w.r.t. six datasets and three tasks, and experimental results demonstrate its superiority.

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