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Real-Time Controllable Denoising for Image and Video

Zhaoyang Zhang · Yitong Jiang · Wenqi Shao · Xiaogang Wang · Ping Luo · Kaimo Lin · Jinwei Gu

West Building Exhibit Halls ABC 160


Controllable image denoising aims to generate clean samples with human perceptual priors and balance sharpness and smoothness. In traditional filter-based denoising methods, this can be easily achieved by adjusting the filtering strength. However, for NN (Neural Network)-based models, adjusting the final denoising strength requires performing network inference each time, making it almost impossible for real-time user interaction. In this paper, we introduce Real-time Controllable Denoising (RCD), the first deep image and video denoising pipeline that provides a fully controllable user interface to edit arbitrary denoising levels in real-time with only one-time network inference. Unlike existing controllable denoising methods that require multiple denoisers and training stages, RCD replaces the last output layer (which usually outputs a single noise map) of an existing CNN-based model with a lightweight module that outputs multiple noise maps. We propose a novel Noise Decorrelation process to enforce the orthogonality of the noise feature maps, allowing arbitrary noise level control through noise map interpolation. This process is network-free and does not require network inference. Our experiments show that RCD can enable real-time editable image and video denoising for various existing heavy-weight models without sacrificing their original performance.

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