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ConStruct-VL: Data-Free Continual Structured VL Concepts Learning

James Seale Smith · Paola Cascante-Bonilla · Assaf Arbelle · Donghyun Kim · Rameswar Panda · David Cox · Diyi Yang · Zsolt Kira · Rogerio Feris · Leonid Karlinsky

West Building Exhibit Halls ABC 252


Recently, large-scale pre-trained Vision-and-Language (VL) foundation models have demonstrated remarkable capabilities in many zero-shot downstream tasks, achieving competitive results for recognizing objects defined by as little as short text prompts. However, it has also been shown that VL models are still brittle in Structured VL Concept (SVLC) reasoning, such as the ability to recognize object attributes, states, and inter-object relations. This leads to reasoning mistakes, which need to be corrected as they occur by teaching VL models the missing SVLC skills; often this must be done using private data where the issue was found, which naturally leads to a data-free continual (no task-id) VL learning setting. In this work, we introduce the first Continual Data-Free Structured VL Concepts Learning (ConStruct-VL) benchmark and show it is challenging for many existing data-free CL strategies. We, therefore, propose a data-free method comprised of a new approach of Adversarial Pseudo-Replay (APR) which generates adversarial reminders of past tasks from past task models. To use this method efficiently, we also propose a continual parameter-efficient Layered-LoRA (LaLo) neural architecture allowing no-memory-cost access to all past models at train time. We show this approach outperforms all data-free methods by as much as ~ 7% while even matching some levels of experience-replay (prohibitive for applications where data-privacy must be preserved). Our code is publicly available at

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