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OVMR: Open-Vocabulary Recognition with Multi-Modal References

Zehong Ma · Shiliang Zhang · Longhui Wei · Qi Tian

Arch 4A-E Poster #192
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Thu 20 Jun 5 p.m. PDT — 6:30 p.m. PDT


The challenge of open-vocabulary recognition lies in the model has no clue of new categories it is applied to. Existing works have proposed different methods to embed category cues into the model, e.g., through few-shot fine-tuning, providing category names or textual descriptions to Vision-Language Models. Fine-tuning is time-consuming and degrades the generalization capability. Textual descriptions could be ambiguous and fail to depict visual details. This paper tackles open-vocabulary recognition from a different perspective by referring to multi-modal clues composed of textual descriptions and exemplar images. Our method, named OVMR, adopts two innovative components to pursue a more robust category cues embedding. A multi-modal classifier is first generated by dynamically complementing textual descriptions with image exemplars. A preference-based refinement module is hence applied to fuse uni-modal and multi-modal classifiers, with the aim to alleviate issues of low-quality exemplar images or textual descriptions. The proposed OVMR is a plug-and-play module, and works well with exemplar images randomly crawled from the Internet.Extensive experiments have demonstrated the promising performance of OVMR, e.g., it outperforms existing methods across various scenarios and setups.

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