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DiffLoc: Diffusion Model for Outdoor LiDAR Localization

Wen Li · Yuyang Yang · Shangshu Yu · Guosheng Hu · Chenglu Wen · Ming Cheng · Cheng Wang

Arch 4A-E Poster #43
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Thu 20 Jun 5 p.m. PDT — 6:30 p.m. PDT


Absolute pose regression (APR) estimates global pose in an end-to-end manner, achieving impressive results in learn-based LiDAR localization. However, compared to the top-performing methods reliant on 3D-3D correspondence matching, APR’s accuracy still has room for improvement. We recognize APR’s lack of geometrically robust features learning and iterative denoising process leads to suboptimal results. In this paper, we propose DiffLoc, a novel framework that formulates LiDAR localization as a conditional generation of poses. First, we propose to utilize the foundation model and static-object-aware pool to learn geometrically robust features. Second, we creatively incorporate the iterative denoising process into APR via a diffusion model conditioned on the learned geometrically robust features. In addition, due to the unique nature of diffusion models, we propose to adapt our models to two additional applications: (1) using multiple inferences to evaluate pose uncertainty, and (2) seamlessly introducing geometric constraints on denoising steps to improve prediction accuracy. Extensive experiments conducted on the Oxford Radar RobotCar and NCLT datasets demonstrate that DiffLoc outperforms better than the state-of-the-art methods. Especially on the NCLT dataset, we achieve 35% and 34.7% improvement on position and orientation accuracy, respectively. Our code will be released upon acceptance.

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