Skip to yearly menu bar Skip to main content


Uncertainty-Aware Source-Free Adaptive Image Super-Resolution with Wavelet Augmentation Transformer

Yuang Ai · Xiaoqiang Zhou · Huaibo Huang · Lei Zhang · Ran He

Arch 4A-E Poster #324
[ ]
Wed 19 Jun 5 p.m. PDT — 6:30 p.m. PDT

Abstract: Unsupervised Domain Adaptation (UDA) can effectively address domain gap issues in real-world image Super-Resolution (SR) by accessing both the source and target data. Considering privacy policies or transmission restrictions of source data in practical scenarios, we propose a SOurce-free Domain Adaptation framework for image SR (SODA-SR) to address this issue, i.e., adapt a source-trained model to a target domain with only unlabeled target data. SODA-SR leverages the source-trained model to generate refined pseudo-labels for teacher-student learning. To better utilize pseudo-labels, we propose a novel wavelet-based augmentation method, named Wavelet Augmentation Transformer (WAT), which can be flexibly incorporated with existing networks, to implicitly produce useful augmented data. WAT learns low-frequency information of varying levels across diverse samples, which is aggregated efficiently via deformable attention. Furthermore, an uncertainty-aware self-training mechanism is proposed to improve the accuracy of pseudo-labels, with inaccurate predictions being rectified by uncertainty estimation. To acquire better SR results and avoid overfitting pseudo-labels, several regularization losses are proposed to constrain target LR and SR images in the frequency domain. Experiments show that without accessing source data, SODA-SR outperforms state-of-the-art UDA methods in both synthetic$\rightarrow$real and real$\rightarrow$real adaptation settings, and is not constrained by specific network architectures.

Live content is unavailable. Log in and register to view live content