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InstaGen: Enhancing Object Detection by Training on Synthetic Dataset

Chengjian Feng · Yujie Zhong · Zequn Jie · Weidi Xie · Lin Ma

Arch 4A-E Poster #432
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Thu 20 Jun 10:30 a.m. PDT — noon PDT


In this paper, we present a novel paradigm to enhance the ability of object detector, e.g., expanding categories or improving detection performance, by training on syn- thetic dataset generated from diffusion models. Specifically, we integrate an instance-level grounding head into a pre- trained, generative diffusion model, to augment it with the ability of localising instances in the generated images. The grounding head is trained to align the text embedding of category names with the regional visual feature of the diffusion model, using supervision from an off-the-shelf object detector, and a novel self-training scheme on (novel) categories not covered by the detector. We conduct thorough experiments to show that, this enhanced version of diffusion model, termed as InstaGen, can serve as a data synthesizer, to enhance object detectors by training on its generated samples, demonstrating superior performance over existing state-of-the-art methods in open-vocabulary (+4.5 AP) and data-sparse (+1.2 ∼ 5.2 AP) scenarios.

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