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Ensemble Diversity Facilitates Adversarial Transferability

Bowen Tang · Zheng Wang · Yi Bin · Qi Dou · Yang Yang · Heng Tao Shen

Arch 4A-E Poster #15
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Fri 21 Jun 5 p.m. PDT — 6:30 p.m. PDT


With the advent of ensemble-based attacks, the transferability of generated adversarial examples is elevated by a noticeable margin despite many methods only employing superficial integration yet ignoring the diversity between ensemble models. However, most of them compromise the latent value of the diversity between generated perturbation from distinct models which we argue is also able to increase the adversarial transferability, especially heterogeneous attacks. To address the issues, we propose a novel method of Stochastic Mini-batch black-box attack with Ensemble Reweighing using reinforcement learning (SMER) to produce highly transferable adversarial examples. We emphasize the diversity between surrogate models achieving individual perturbation iteratively. In order to customize the individual effect between surrogates, ensemble reweighing is introduced to refine ensemble weights by maximizing attack loss based on reinforcement learning which functions on the ultimate transferability elevation. Extensive experiments demonstrate our superiority to recent ensemble attacks with a significant margin across different black-box attack scenarios, especially on heterogeneous conditions.

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