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RMT: Retentive Networks Meet Vision Transformers

Qihang Fan · Huaibo Huang · Mingrui Chen · Hongmin Liu · Ran He

Arch 4A-E Poster #77
[ ] [ Project Page ]
Wed 19 Jun 5 p.m. PDT — 6:30 p.m. PDT


Vision Transformer (ViT) has gained increasing attention in the computer vision community in recent years. However, the core component of ViT, Self-Attention, lacks explicit spatial priors and bears a quadratic computational complexity, thereby constraining the applicability of ViT. To alleviate these issues, we draw inspiration from the recent Retentive Network (RetNet) in the field of NLP, and propose RMT, a strong vision backbone with explicit spatial prior for general purposes. Specifically, we extend the RetNet's temporal decay mechanism to the spatial domain, and propose a spatial decay matrix based on the Manhattan distance to introduce the explicit spatial prior to Self-Attention. Additionally, an attention decomposition form that adeptly adapts to explicit spatial prior is proposed, aiming to reduce the computational burden of modeling global information without disrupting the spatial decay matrix. Based on the spatial decay matrix and the attention decomposition form, we can flexibly integrate explicit spatial prior into the vision backbone with linear complexity. Extensive experiments demonstrate that RMT exhibits exceptional performance across various vision tasks. Specifically, without extra training data, RMT achieves 84.8% and 86.1% top-1 acc on ImageNet-1k with 27M/4.5GFLOPs and 96M/18.2GFLOPs. For downstream tasks, RMT achieves 54.5 box AP and 47.2 mask AP on the COCO detection task, and 52.8 mIoU on the ADE20K semantic segmentation task.

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