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Look-Up Table Compression for Efficient Image Restoration

Yinglong Li · Jiacheng Li · Zhiwei Xiong

Arch 4A-E Poster #181
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Fri 21 Jun 5 p.m. PDT — 6:30 p.m. PDT

Abstract: Look-Up Table (LUT) has recently gained increasing attention for restoring High-Quality (HQ) images from Low-Quality (LQ) observations, thanks to its high computational efficiency achieved through a ``space for time'' strategy of caching learned LQ-HQ pairs. However, incorporating multiple LUTs for improved performance comes at the cost of a rapidly growing storage size, which is ultimately restricted by the allocatable on-device cache size. In this work, we propose a novel LUT compression framework to achieve a better trade-off between storage size and performance for LUT-based image restoration models. Based on the observation that most cached LQ image patches are distributed along the diagonal of a LUT, we devise a Diagonal-First Compression (DFC) framework, where diagonal LQ-HQ pairs are preserved and carefully re-indexed to maintain the representation capacity, while non-diagonal pairs are aggressively subsampled to save storage. Extensive experiments on representative image restoration tasks demonstrate that our DFC framework significantly reduces the storage size of LUT-based models (including our new design) while maintaining their performance. For instance, DFC saves up to 90\% of storage at a negligible performance drop for $\times 4$ super-resolution.

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