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Beyond First-Order Tweedie: Solving Inverse Problems using Latent Diffusion

Litu Rout · Yujia Chen · Abhishek Kumar · Constantine Caramanis · Sanjay Shakkottai · Wen-Sheng Chu

Arch 4A-E Poster #453
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Wed 19 Jun 5 p.m. PDT — 6:30 p.m. PDT


Sampling from the posterior distribution poses a major computational challenge in solving inverse problems using latent diffusion models.Common methods rely on Tweedie's first-order moments, which are known to induce a quality-limiting bias. Existing second-order approximations are impractical due to prohibitive computational costs, making standard reverse diffusion processes intractable for posterior sampling. This paper introduces Second-order Tweedie sampler from Surrogate Loss (STSL), a novel sampler that offers efficiency comparable to first-order Tweedie with a tractable reverse process using second-order approximation. Our theoretical results reveal that the second-order approximation is lower bounded by our surrogate loss that only requires O(1) compute using the trace of the Hessian, and by the lower bound we derive a new drift term to make the reverse process tractable. Our method surpasses SoTA solvers PSLD and P2L , achieving 4X and 8X reduction in neural function evaluations, respectively, while notably enhancing sampling quality on FFHQ, ImageNet, and COCO benchmarks. In addition, we show STSL extends to text-guided image editing and addresses residual distortions present from corrupted images in leading text-guided image editing methods.To our best knowledge, this is the first work to offer an efficient second-order approximation in solving inverse problems using latent diffusion.

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