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LiSA: LiDAR Localization with Semantic Awareness

Bochun Yang · Zijun Li · Wen Li · zhipeng cai · Chenglu Wen · Yu Zang · Matthias Mueller · Cheng Wang

Arch 4A-E Poster #64
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Thu 20 Jun 5 p.m. PDT — 6:30 p.m. PDT


LiDAR localization is a fundamental task in robotics and computer vision, which estimates the pose of a LiDAR point cloud within a global map. Scene Coordinate Regression (SCR) has demonstrated state-of-the-art performance in this task. In SCR, a scene is represented as a neural network, which outputs the world coordinates for each point in the input point cloud. However, SCR treats all points equally during localization, ignoring the fact that not all objects are beneficial for localization. For example, dynamic objects and repeating structures often negatively impact SCR. To address this problem, we introduce LiSA, the first method that incorporates semantic awareness into SCR to boost the localization robustness and accuracy. To avoid extra computation or network parameters during inference, we distill the knowledge from a segmentation model to the original SCR network. Experiments show the superior performance of LiSA on standard LiDAR localization benchmarks compared to state-of-the-art methods. Applying knowledge distillation not only preserves high efficiency but also achieves higher localization accuracy than introducing extra semantic segmentation modules. We also analyze the benefit of semantic information for LiDAR localization. Our code will be released upon acceptance.

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