Skip to yearly menu bar Skip to main content


A Unified and Interpretable Emotion Representation and Expression Generation

Reni Paskaleva · Mykyta Holubakha · Andela Ilic · Saman Motamed · Luc Van Gool · Danda Paudel

Arch 4A-E Poster #219
[ ] [ Project Page ]
Wed 19 Jun 10:30 a.m. PDT — noon PDT


Canonical emotions, such as happy, sad, and fear, are easy to understand and annotate. However, emotions are often compound, e.g. happily surprised, and can be mapped to the action units (AUs) used for expressing emotions, and trivially to the canonical ones. Intuitively, emotions are continuous as represented by the arousal-valence (AV) model. An interpretable unification of these four modalities —namely, Canonical, Compound, AUs, and AV— is highly desirable, for a better representation and understanding of emotions. However, such unification remains to be unknown in the current literature. In this work, we propose an interpretable and unified emotion model, referred as C2A2. We also develop a method that leverages labels of the non-unified models to annotate the novel unified one. Finally, we modify the text-conditional diffusion models to understand continuous numbers, which are then used to generate continuous expressions using our unified emotion model. Through quantitative and qualitative experiments, we show that our generated images are rich and capture subtle expressions. Our work allows a fine-grained generation of expressions in conjunction with other textual inputs and offers a new label space for emotions at the same time.

Live content is unavailable. Log in and register to view live content