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CPP-Net: Embracing Multi-Scale Feature Fusion into Deep Unfolding CP-PPA Network for Compressive Sensing

Zhen Guo · Hongping Gan

Arch 4A-E Poster #85
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Fri 21 Jun 5 p.m. PDT — 6:30 p.m. PDT

Abstract: In the domain of compressive sensing (CS), deep unfolding networks (DUNs) have garnered attention for their good performance and certain degree of interpretability rooted in CS domain, achieved by marrying traditional optimization solvers with deep networks.However, current DUNs are ill-suited for the intricate task of capturing fine-grained image details, leading to perceptible distortions and blurriness in reconstructed images, particularly at low CS ratios, e.g., 0.10 and below. In this paper, we propose CPP-Net, a novel deep unfolding CS framework, inspired by the primal-dual hybrid strategy of the Chambolle and Pock Proximal Point Algorithm (CP-PPA). First, we derive three iteration submodules, $\mathbf{X}^{(k)}$, $\mathbf{V}^{(k)}$ and $\mathbf{Y}^{(k)}$, by incorporating customized deep learning modules to solve the sparse basis related proximal operator within CP-PPA. Second, we design the Dual Path Fusion Block (DPFB) to adeptly extract and fuse multi-scale feature information, enhancing sensitivity to feature information at different scales and improving detail reconstruction. Third, we introduce the Iteration Fusion Strategy (IFS) to effectively weight the fusion of outputs from diverse reconstruction stages, maximizing the utilization of feature information and mitigating the information loss during reconstruction stages. Extensive experiments demonstrate that CPP-Net effectively reduces distortion and blurriness while preserving richer image details, outperforming current state-of-the-art methods. Codes are available at

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