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Hybrid Proposal Refiner: Revisiting DETR Series from the Faster R-CNN Perspective

Jinjing Zhao · Fangyun Wei · Chang Xu

Arch 4A-E Poster #273
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Thu 20 Jun 5 p.m. PDT — 6:30 p.m. PDT


With the transformative impact of the Transformer, DETR pioneered the application of the encoder-decoder architecture to object detection. A collection of follow-up research, e.g., Deformable DETR, aims to enhance DETR while adhering to the encoder-decoder design. In this work, we revisit the DETR series through the lens of Faster R-CNN. We find that the DETR resonates with the underlying principles of Faster R-CNN's RPN-refiner design but benefits from end-to-end detection owing to the incorporation of Hungarian matching. We systematically adapt the Faster R-CNN towards the Deformable DETR, by integrating or repurposing each component of Deformable DETR, and note that Deformable DETR's improved performance over Faster R-CNN is attributed to the adoption of advanced modules such as a superior proposal refiner (e.g., deformable attention rather than RoI Align). When viewing the DETR through the RPN-refiner paradigm, we delve into various proposal refinement techniques such as deformable attention, cross attention, and dynamic convolution. These proposal refiners cooperate well with each other; thus, we synergistically combine them to establish a Hybrid Proposal Refiner (HPR). Our HPR is versatile and can be incorporated into various DETR detectors. For instance, by integrating HPR to a strong DETR detector, we achieve an AP of 54.9 on the COCO benchmark, utilizing a ResNet-50 backbone and a 36-epoch training schedule. The code and models will be accessible to the public.

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