Skip to yearly menu bar Skip to main content


Modeling Collaborator: Enabling Subjective Vision Classification With Minimal Human Effort via LLM Tool-Use

Imad Eddine Toubal · Aditya Avinash · Neil Alldrin · Jan Dlabal · Wenlei Zhou · Enming Luo · Otilia Stretcu · Hao Xiong · Chun-Ta Lu · Howard Zhou · Ranjay Krishna · Ariel Fuxman · Tom Duerig

Arch 4A-E Poster #286
[ ]
Thu 20 Jun 5 p.m. PDT — 6:30 p.m. PDT


From content moderation to wildlife conservation, the number of applications that require models to recognize nuanced or subjective visual concepts is growing. Traditionally, developing classifiers for such concepts requires substantial manual effort measured in hours, days, or even months to identify and annotate data needed for training. Even with recently proposed Agile Modeling techniques, which enable rapid bootstrapping of image classifiers, users are still required to spend 30 minutes or more of monotonous, repetitive data labeling just to train a single classifier. Drawing on Fiske’s Cognitive Miser theory, we propose a new framework that alleviates manual effort by replacing human labeling with natural language interactions – reducing the total effort required to define a concept by an order of magnitude: from labeling 2,000 images to only 100 plus some natural language interactions. Our framework leverages the recent advances in foundation models, both large language models and vision-language models, to carve out the concept space through conversation and by automatically labeling training data points. Most importantly, our framework eliminates the need for crowd-sourced annotations. Moreover, our framework ultimately produces light-weight classification models that are deployable in cost-sensitive scenarios. Across 15 subjective concepts and across 2 public image classification datasets, our trained models outperform traditional Agile Modeling as well as state-of-the-art zero-shot classification models like ALIGN, CLIP, CuPL, and large visual question answering models like PaLI-X.

Live content is unavailable. Log in and register to view live content