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SPOT: Self-Training with Patch-Order Permutation for Object-Centric Learning with Autoregressive Transformers

Ioannis Kakogeorgiou · Spyros Gidaris · Konstantinos Karantzalos · Nikos Komodakis

Arch 4A-E Poster #315
award Highlight
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Fri 21 Jun 10:30 a.m. PDT — noon PDT


Unsupervised object-centric learning aims to decompose scenes into interpretable object entities, termed slots. Slot-based auto-encoders stand out as a prominent method for this task. Within them, crucial aspects include guiding the encoder to generate object-specific slots and ensuring the decoder utilizes them during reconstruction. This work introduces two novel techniques, (i) an attention-based self-training approach, which distills superior slot-based attention masks from the decoder to the encoder, enhancing object segmentation, and (ii) an innovative patch-order permutation strategy for autoregressive transformers that strengthens the role of slot vectors in reconstruction. The effectiveness of these strategies is showcased experimentally. The combined approach significantly surpasses prior slot-based autoencoder methods in unsupervised object segmentation, especially with complex real-world images. We provide the implementation code at

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