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Instance-level Expert Knowledge and Aggregate Discriminative Attention for Radiology Report Generation

Shenshen Bu · Taiji Li · Zhiming Dai · Yuedong Yang

Arch 4A-E Poster #439
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Thu 20 Jun 10:30 a.m. PDT — noon PDT


Automatic radiology report generation can provide substantial advantages to clinical physicians by effectively reducing their workload and improving efficiency. Despite the promising potential of current methods, challenges persist in effectively extracting and preventing degradation of prominent features, as well as enhancing attention on pivotal regions. In this paper, we propose an Instance-level Expert Knowledge and Aggregate Discriminative Attention framework (EKAGen) for Radiology Report Generation. We convert expert reports into an embedding space and generate comprehensive representations for each disease, which serve as Preliminary Knowledge Support (PKS). To prevent feature disruption, we select the representations in the embedding space with the smallest distances to PKS as Rectified Knowledge Support (RKS). Then, EKAGen diagnoses the diseases and retrieves knowledge from RKS, creating Instance-level Expert Knowledge (IEK) for each query image, boosting generation. Additionally, we introduce Aggregate Discriminative Attention Map (ADM), which utilize weak supervision to generate maps of pivotal regions used to emphasize discriminative regions. For training, we propose a Global Information Self-Distillation (GID) strategy, using an iteratively optimized model to distill global knowledge into EKAGen. Extensive experiments and analyses on IU X-Ray and MIMIC-CXR datasets demonstrate that EKAGen outperforms previous state-of-the-art methods.

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