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Segment Every Out-of-Distribution Object

Wenjie Zhao · Jia Li · Xin Dong · Yu Xiang · Yunhui Guo

Arch 4A-E Poster #362
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Wed 19 Jun 10:30 a.m. PDT — noon PDT

Abstract: Semantic segmentation models, while effective for in-distribution categories, face challenges in real-world deployment due to encountering out-of-distribution (OoD) objects. Detecting these OoD objects is crucial for safety-critical applications. Existing methods rely on anomaly scores, but choosing a suitable threshold for generating masks presents difficulties and can lead to fragmentation and inaccuracy. This paper introduces a method to convert anomaly $\underline{S}$core $\underline{T}$o segmentation $\underline{M}$ask, called S2M, a simple and effective framework for OoD detection in semantic segmentation. Unlike assigning anomaly scores to pixels, S2M directly segments the entire OoD object. By transforming anomaly scores into prompts for a promptable segmentation model, S2M eliminates the need for threshold selection. Extensive experiments demonstrate that S2M outperforms the state-of-the-art by approximately 20\% in IoU and 40\% in mean F1 score, on average, across various benchmarks including Fishyscapes, Segment-Me-If-You-Can, and RoadAnomaly datasets.

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