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DePT: Decoupled Prompt Tuning

Ji Zhang · Shihan Wu · Lianli Gao · Heng Tao Shen · Jingkuan Song

Arch 4A-E Poster #318
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Thu 20 Jun 10:30 a.m. PDT — noon PDT


This work breaks through the Base-New Tradeoff (BNT)dilemma in prompt tuning, i.e., the better the tuned model generalizes to the base (or target) task, the worse it generalizes to new tasks, and vice versa. Specifically, through an in-depth analysis of the learned features of the base and new tasks, we observe that the BNT stems from a channel bias issue, i.e., the vast majority of feature channels are occupied by base-specific knowledge, resulting in the collapse of taskshared knowledge important to new tasks. To address this, we propose the Decoupled Prompt Tuning (DePT) framework, which decouples base-specific knowledge from feature channels into an isolated feature space during prompt tuning, so as to maximally preserve task-shared knowledge in the original feature space for achieving better zero-shot generalization on new tasks. Notably, our DePT is orthogonal to existing prompt tuning methods, and can enhance them with negligible additional computational cost. Extensive experiments on 11 diverse datasets show the strong flexibility and effectiveness of DePT.Code:

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