Skip to yearly menu bar Skip to main content


Learning to Localize Objects Improves Spatial Reasoning in Visual-LLMs

Kanchana Ranasinghe · Satya Narayan Shukla · Omid Poursaeed · Michael Ryoo · Tsung-Yu Lin

Arch 4A-E Poster #323
[ ]
Thu 20 Jun 10:30 a.m. PDT — noon PDT


Integration of Large Language Models (LLMs) into visual domain tasks, resulting in visual-LLMs (V-LLMs), has enabled exceptional performance in vision-language tasks, particularly for visual question answering (VQA). However, existing V-LLMs (e.g. BLIP-2, LLaVA) demonstrate weak spatial reasoning and localization awareness. Despite generating highly descriptive and elaborate textual answers, these models fail at simple tasks like distinguishing a left vs right location. In this work, we explore how image-space coordinate based instruction fine-tuning objectives could inject spatial awareness into V-LLMs. We discover optimal coordinate representations, data-efficient instruction fine-tuning objectives, and pseudo-data generation strategies that lead to improved spatial awareness in V-LLMs. Additionally, our resulting model improves VQA across image and video domains, reduces undesired hallucination, and generates better contextual object descriptions. Experiments across 5 vision-language tasks involving 14 different datasets establish the clear performance improvements achieved by our proposed framework.

Live content is unavailable. Log in and register to view live content